The Family Genogram put the individual profile of the subject in a frame that is divided over three generations, providing information about his or her personal data, family relationships, ability to communication within the family, the main biographical events and any traumatic event, that may have directly or indirectly affected the subject and his family members.
Based on our experience, the model has proved to be the most effective one in the relationship with patients after collecting the main personal data over three generations, it allows to reflect on the similarities with the subject and the psychological “affiliations”, as well as on the main individual characteristics and on specific relational dynamics. It also explores the presence of any psychiatric pathology, the abuse of alcohol or substances and the manifestations of the compulsive repetition. It also retraces the psychological resonances of possible traumatic events, grieves or other special vicissitudes of the family’s history.
The information processing on families has multiple roots: the Individual Psychology by Adler had highlighted key aspects of the position in the family dynamics; the Systemic Family Therapy and the School of Palo Alto developed, among other processes, the important Watzlawick’s double bond concept as a serious dysfunction of family communication; the work on the Structural Family Therapy by Minuchin studied the relational habits of the family and the dysfunctions generated when these become stereotyped; Borzomenyi-Nagy’s Psychoanalytic Family Therapy rather than the problems of communication, enhances problems related to trans generational relations and the psychological concepts of loyalty, justice, balance in the family accounts and parentification, family myth and fixed roles; Anne Ancelin Shutzenberger’s Transgenerational Psychotherapy studies the complementarity of roles, injustice and resentment feelings and the concept of passive aggression; recent studies by Cesar Liendo develop drama and melodrama concepts and the relationship between victim and victimized.